Whether you are young or old, the condition of your skin and hair always preoccupy you. We all want to look our best, and a full head of hair and unblemished skin go a long way in making this possible. However, the health of our skin and hair are heavily dependent on genetics, nutritional states, fitness, and lifestyle factors. Let’s examine a few of the conditions which affect our hair.
- Hair loss – A small amount of hair loss between 50-100 strands a day is normal and regenerated by hair follicles easily. However, sometimes men and women may both experience excessive Hair fall leading to reduction in the volume of hair and the appearance of bald areas on the scalp. This hair fall can be due to a multiple reasons: telogen effluvium, nutritional deficiencies, alopecia areata or genetically predisposed conditions such as male and female pattern hair loss.
- Hair thinning – In addition to hair fall, there may be concomitant hair thinning due to the shrinking of the hair follicles. This results in weakening of the hair from the root, and delicate, brittle hair strands which may break easily. Hair thinning is a common feature in male and female pattern baldness and is usually caused by a hormone called DHT or dihydrotestosterone.
- Dandruff – Dandruff is one of the most commonly experienced hair problems by both men and women. Dandruff is the shedding of skin cells from the scalp. A small amount of shedding is normal, but when a person suffers from Dandruff, there is excessive shedding of skin accompanied by redness and irritation.
- Excessive Hair Growth – Excessive hair growth is a side effect of an imbalance in male and female hormones. Excessive hair growth is also known as hirsutism. This can be treated by careful evaluation of hormonal levels and medication to suppress excessive androgenic activity.
Any of these hair conditions can be stressful and impact your self-esteem. An extensive consultation with a dermatologist or cosmetic surgeon can help you accurately diagnose the cause of your hair condition.