We live in a fast paced and materialistic world. And our hairs contribute a lot to our personality and self-opinion. It is therefore, obvious that hair related problems can be a cause of desperation and un-ending concern. Despite the fact that our changing lifestyles, polluted environment and hair grooming habits could be the underlying cause of several hair problems, there are still some hair related problems which are difficult to control and have to be treated with professional help.
Common hair problems
One such major problem is hair loss and balding. There could be various underlying factors (both internal and external) which can cause hair loss, hair thinning or hair fall. These are –
- Infections: Lice and ringworm infections can cause formation of scales and scars on the scalp, also causing hair loss.
- Skin disorders: Conditions like Lupus, Lichen planus and Sarcoidosis can cause scalp skin disorders which can cause baldness and scarring.
- Hormonal imbalance: Hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, malfunctioning pituitary gland and excessive production of androgens can cause hair loss. Hormonal imbalance during pregnancy, childbirth and menopause can also cause temporary hair thinning or hair loss in women.
- Auto-immune syndrome: Alopecia areata is a hair loss condition wherein the immune system starts attacking body’s own hair follicles, especially on the scalp. Unless this auto immune disorder is treated, hair loss can continue and result in balding.
- Psychological factors: Conditions like Trichotillomania (urges to pull out own hair), acute emotional stress and even clinical depression can induce hair loss.
- Chronic diseases: Diabetes, HIV infection and different forms of cancers can also trigger hair loss. At times non-surgical treatments like radiation therapy and chemotherapy can also cause hair fall.
- Genetic history: Some people are genetically predisposed to having pattern baldness, premature greying or hair thinning at a very young age.
- Poor nutrition: Consuming a diet which is low in iron and low in protein can also lead to hair loss. Crash dieting or low-calorie diets can also cause hair fall.
While some of these causes can be medically treated to reverse hair loss, in some cases special hair treatments are required to stop hair fall and restore hair gro